This appendix provides information
on the operation and function of already fielded, and soon to
be fielded devices that can be used as aids to navigation.
H1. AN/PVS5, NIGHT VISION GOGGLES
These goggles are passive night vision devices. An infrared light source and positive control switch permit close in viewing under limited illumination. The AN/PVS5 has a field of view of 40 degrees and a range of 150 meters.
a. The device has the capability for continuous passive operation over a 15hour period without battery replacement. It weighs 1.5 pounds and is facemounted. An eyepiece diopter is provided so the device can be worn without corrective lenses.
b. It is designed to assist the following tasks: command and control, fire control, reconnaissance, closein surveillance, terrain navigation, first aid, operation and maintenance of vehicles, selection of positions, traffic control, rear and critical area security, patrolling, combat engineer tasks, radar team employment, resupply activities, and flightline functions.
c. It is a fielded system used by combat, CS, and CSS elements. The infantry, armor, air defense, field artillery, aviation, engineer, intelligence, military police, transportation, signal, quartermaster, chemical, maintenance, missile, and munitions units all use the device to help accomplish their missions.
d. The AN/PVS5 can assist the land navigator under limited visibility conditions. Chemical lights may be placed at selected intervals along the unit's route of movement, and they can be observed through the AN/PVS5. Another navigation technique is to have one person reading the map while another person reads the terrain, troth using AN/PVS5's. This allows the map reader and the terrain interpreter to exchange information on what terrain is observed, both on the map and on the ground. It allows each user to concentrate his AN/PVS5 on one task. Land navigation, especially mounted, is a task better performed by more than one person. The above technique allows one soldier to perform map interpretation in the cargo portion of the vehicle while another soldier, possibly the driver, transmits to him information pertaining to the terrain observed on the ground.
H2. AN/PVS7, NIGHT VISION GOGGLES
The AN/PVS7 is a lightweight (1.5 pounds), image intensification, passive nightvision device that uses ambient light conditions. It has the same applications as the AN/PVS5. It is designed to be used in the same way as, and by the same units as, the AN/PVS5. The AN/PVS7 has a field of view of 40 meters and a range of 300 meters in moonlight and 150 meters in starlight.
H-3. ENHANCED PLRS USER UNIT
The enhanced position location reporting system (EPLRS)/joint tactical information distribution system (JTIDS), hybrid (PJH), is a computerbased system. It provides near realtime, secure data communications, identification, navigation, position location, and automatic reporting to support the need of commanders for information on the location, identification, and movement of friendly forces.
a. The EPLRS is based on synchronized radio transmissions in a network of users controlled by a master station. The major elements of a EPLRS community include the airborne, surface vehicular, and manpack users; the EPLRS master station; and an alternate master station. The system can handle 370 user units in a divisionsize deployment per master station with a typical location accuracy at 15 meters. The manpack unit weighs 23 pounds and includes the basic user unit, user readout, antenna, backpack, and two batteries.
b. The EPLRS will be deployed at battalion and company level. Its use allows--
(2) Artillery batteries to locate forward observers and friendly units, and position firing batteries.
(3) Aircraft to locate their exact positions; know the location of other friendly units; navigate to any friendly units, or a location entered by pilot; navigate in selected flight corridors; and be alerted when entering or leaving corridors or boundaries.
(4) Command and control elements at all echelons to locate and control friendly units/aircraft.
d. It will be fielded to infantry, armor, field artillery, military police, engineer, intelligence, aviation, signal, and air defense artillery units.
e. The EPLRS is a system that allows units to navigate from one point to another with the capability of locating itself and other friendly units equipped with the same system.
H4. GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
The GPS is a space-based, radio-positioning navigation system that provides accurate passive position, speed, distance, and bearing of other locations to suitably equipped users.
a. The system assists the user in performing such missions as siting, surveying, tactical reconnaissance, sensor emplacement, artillery forward observing, close air support, general navigation, mechanized maneuver, engineer surveying, amphibious operations, signal intelligence operations, electronic warfare operations, and groundbased forward air control.
b. It can be operated in all weather, day or night, anywhere in the world; it may also be used during nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare.
c. It has been fielded to infantry, armor, field artillery, military police, engineer, military intelligence, signal, air defense artillery, and aviation units. (See Appendix J for more information on GPS.)
H5. POSITION AND AZIMUTH DETERMINING SYSTEM
The PADS is a highly mobile, selfcontained, passive, allweather, surveyaccurate position/navigation instrument used by field artillery and air defense artillery units for fire support missions. Its basis of issue is two sets per artillery battalion. The device is about the size of a 3kilowatt generator and weighs 322.8 pounds in operational configuration.
a. The twoman PADS survey party uses the high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle, the commercial utility cargo vehicle, the smallunit support vehicle, or the M151 1/4ton utility truck. The system can be transferred while operating into the light observation helicopter (OH58A) or driven into the CH47 medium cargo helicopter.
b. The system provides real-time, three-dimensional coordinates in meters and a grid azimuth in mils. It will also give direction and altitude.
c. The PADS can be used by the land navigator to assist in giving accurate azimuth and distance between locations. A unit requiring accurate information as to its present location can also use PADS to get it. The PADS, if used properly, can assist many units in the performance of their mission.
H6. GROUNDVEHICULAR LASER LOCATOR DESIGNATOR
The G/VLLD is the Army's longrange designator for precisionguided semiactive laser weapons. It is two-man portable for short distances and can be mounted on the M113A1 interim FIST vehicle when it has the vehicle adapter assembly. The G/VLLD provides accurate observer-to-target distance, vertical angle, and azimuth data to the operator. All three items of information are visible in the operator's eyepiece display.
a. The G/VLLD is equipped with an AN/TAS4 night sight. This night sight increases the operator's ability to detect and engage targets during reduced visibility caused by darkness or battlefield obscuration.
b. The G/VLLD can give the navigator accurate lineofsight distance to an object. The system can be used to determine its present location using resection and can assist the navigator in determining azimuth and distance to his objective.
H7. QUICK RESPONSE MULTICOLOR PRINTER
The QRMP is a selfcontained, laser, xerography printer capable of reproducing maps, photographs, annotated graphics, transparent originals, and digital terrain data in full color on transparent material or standard map paper. The QRMP system will consist of a QRMP housed in an 8 by 8 by 20 feet ISO shelter mounted on a 5ton truck with a dedicated militarystandard 30kilowatt generator. Each system will carry at least a seven-day supply of all necessary materials.
a. The QRMP system has map size (24- by 30-inch paper size and 22.5- by 29-inch image size), color printing, scanning and electronics subsystems. It produces the first copy in less than five minutes in full color and sustains a copy rate of 50 to 100 copies per hour for full color products. The system uses a charged couple device array for scanning and sophisticated electronic signal processing to electrostatically discharge a selenium photoreceptor drum.
b. The QRMP has the capability to print terrain and other graphics directly from digital output from the digital topographic support system or another QRMP. The first unit is scheduled to be equipped with the QRMP in 1QFY97, and the initial operating capability is scheduled for 4QFY97. The QRMP system will be used by engineer topographers at division, corps, and echelons above corps.