*FM 17-95

HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 24 December 1996

Field Manual
No.17-95

CAVALRY OPERATIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Section I. The Role of Cavalry

Section II. The Threat

Section III. The Battlefield

Section IV. Missions

Section V. Organizations

Section VI. Battlefield Operating Systems

CHAPTER 2 BATTLE COMMAND
Section I. Command and Control System

Section II. Command and Staff Relationships

Section III. Command and Staff Responsibilities

Section IV. Command and Control Process

Section V. Command and Control Facilities

Section VI. Command and Control Communications

Section VII. Integrated Air and Ground Operations

Section VIII. Continuous Operations

Section IX. Command and Control Techniques

Section X. Automated Information Systems in Support of Battle Command

CHAPTER 3 RECONNAISSANCE OPERATIONS
Section I. Purpose and Fundamentals

Section II. Route Reconnaissance

Section III. Zone Reconnaissance

Section IV. Area Reconnaissance

Section V. Reconnaissance in Force

CHAPTER 4 SECURITY OPERATIONS
Section I. Purpose and Fundamentals

Section II. Screen

Section III. Guard

Section IV. Cover

Section V. Area Security

CHAPTER 5 OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS
Section I. Purpose and Characteristics

Section II. Planning Offensive Operations

Section III. Forms of the Offense

Section IV. Other Offensive Operations

CHAPTER 6 DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS
Section I. Fundamentals of the Defense

Section II. Planning Defensive Operations

Section III. Defend in Sector

Section IV. Defend a Battle Position

CHAPTER 7 STABILITY AND SUPPORT OPERATIONS
Section I. Principles of Stability and Support Operations

Section II. Stability and Support Operations Activities

Section III. Peacekeeping

Section IV. Peace Enforcing

Section V. Training and Preparation

Section VI. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield

Section VII. Missions

Section VIII. Planning Considerations

Section IX. Rules of Engagement

CHAPTER 8 OTHER OPERATIONS
Section I. Retrograde Operations

Section II. Rear Operations

Section III. Deception Operations

Section IV. Movement

Section V. Assembly Areas

Section VI. Battle Handover and Passage of Lines

Section VII. Relief in Place

Section VIII. Linkup

Section IX. Breakout From Encirclement

Section X. Obstacle Breaching Operations

Section XI. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense

Section XII. Independent Troop Operations

Section XIII. Contingency Operations

CHAPTER 9 COMBINED ARMS INTEGRATION
Section I. Relationships and Responsibilities

Section II. Fire Support System

Section III. Fire Support Planning and Coordination

Section IV. Indirect Fire Support

Section V. Army Airspace Command and Control

Section VI. Air Support

Section VII. Air Defense Support

Section VIII. Engineer Support

Section IX. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Support

Section X. Smoke Operations

Section XI. Intelligence and Electronic Warfare

Section XII. Military Police Support

CHAPTER 10 COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT

PART I. COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT SYSTEM
Section I. Fundamentals

Section II. Planning

Section III. Organization

Section IV. Squadron and Troop Operations

PART II. COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT FOR THE ARMORED CAVALRY REGIMENT
Section I. Corps Support

Section II. Organization

Section III. Supply

Section IV. Transportation

Section V. Maintenance

Section VI. Field Services

Section VII. Personnel Support

Section VIII. Combat Health Support

Section IX. Reconstitution

PART III. COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT FOR DIVISION CAVALRY
Section I. Division Support

Section II. Organization

Section III. Supply and Transportation

Section IV. Maintenance

Section V. Field Services

Section VI. Personnel Support

Section VII. Combat Health Support

Section VIII. Reconstitution

APPENDIX A REHEARSALS

APPENDIX B DIGITAL CAVALRY OPERATIONS

APPENDIX C DOCTRINE AND TRAINING LITERATURE

APPENDIX D STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
*This publication supersedes FM 17-95, 19 September 1991, and FM 17-95-10,
22 September 1993.

PREFACE

FM 17-95 is the Army's doctrinal manual for cavalry operations. It is primarily designed to assist cavalry commanders, their staffs, and subordinate troop and company commanders in the conduct of combat operations. It also serves as a guide for corps, division, and brigade commanders, and their staffs. This manual discusses the organization, capabilities, and employment of cavalry units.

This manual applies to the armored cavalry regiment (ACR) and all division cavalry squadrons (armored, light, air). While the focus is on regiment and squadron, principles and fundamentals presented apply to all subordinate troops and companies and separate cavalry troops.

FM 17-95 sets forth doctrinal principles that guide the conduct of cavalry operations. It addresses specific tactics, techniques, or procedures as necessary to clarify or emphasize these doctrinal principles. Field manuals and mission training plans that support this manual contain more specifics on tactics, techniques, and procedures. Users must apply this doctrine within the capabilities and limitations of their units and develop standing operating procedures that address specific techniques and procedures.

This manual is fully compatible with Army doctrine as contained in FM 100-5 and is consistent with conventional (non-digitized) doctrine in FM 100-15 and FM 71-100. It assumes that the user has a fundamental understanding of FM 71-100, FM 100-5, FM 100-15, FM 101-5, and FM 101-5-1, and it does not repeat the concepts contained therein except as necessary to explain cavalry operations. It serves as a reference for personnel involved in the development of subordinate unit doctrine, combat development, materiel development, and the conduct of training.

This manual complies with the contents of NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG)/Quadripartite Standardization Agreement (QSTAG) 2025.

The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC. Send comments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to Commander, US Army Armor Center, ATTN: ATZK-TDD-C, Fort Knox, Kentucky 40121-5000.

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.